Tiger Reserves in India
Table of Content
Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve
Situated 160 kms. southeast of Jabalpur. lies the India’s largest National Park. “Kanha” is 945 sq. kms. in area. Kanha National Park also a Tiger Reserve located in the Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh, India. The National Park was created on 1 June 1955 having an area of over 940 km² in the two districts Mandla and Balaghat. Together with a surrounding buffer zone of 1,067 km² and the neighboring 110 km² Phen Sanctuary becomes the area of the Kanha Tiger Reserve.
The park has a significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, the sloth bear, Barasingha and Indian wild dog. The lush Sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows and ravines of Kanha provided inspiration to Rudyard Kipling who wrote his famous novel “Jungle Book” on this forest. Kanha National Park is home to over 1000 species of flowering plants prominent amongst them are Sal (Shorea robusta), bamboo on slopes (Dendrocalamus strictus), and Indian ghost tree (kullu).
Amongst fauna species, besides the Tiger, Kanha carnivore population includes leopards, wild dogs, wild cat, fox and the Jackal. Swamp Deer or Hard Ground Barasingha, Indian Gaur (Bos guarus), spotted deer, sambar, barking deer and the four-horned deer, Black buck, Nilgai, Indian Wolf, Hyena and sloth bear, Langurs and wild boars are common in the sanctuary.
The park can be reached by road from the town Jabalpur in Madhyapradesh which is some 175 Kiliometers. Other towns in the regions are Nagpur (260 km) and Raipur (219 km) which have airports. The park has got three entrance gates one, The Kisli gate is best accessed from Jabalpur Second, Mukki and the Third, most recently opened, gate is at Serai.
Other tiger reserves in the country are as follows;
Manas Tiger Reserve
In the foothills of Himalayas, 176 kms. northwest of Guwahati, Manas Tiger Reserve is Assam’s only tiger reserve.
Panna Tiger Reserve
Panna Tiger Reserve (MP) Panna National Park is situated along the river Ken, which is 32 kms. from Khajuraho. Unspoiled with landscape of rocky hills, Panna National park is declared as Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger in the year 1995.
Sunderbans Tiger Reserve
Literal meaning of Sunderbans is beautiful forest. This place is the part of world’s largest delta formed by river Ganges,.Brahmaputra and Meghna. Almost half of the delta is in India (8371 sq. kms.) and rest is in Bangladesh. This area is also home to the largest mangrove forest in the world.
Sariska Tiger Reserve
Sariska is situated at a distance of 200 km from Delhi and 107 km from Jaipur, surrounded by barren Aravali Hills in the Rajasthan. The National Park was once a part of the princely state of Alwar and was the favourite hunting ground of late Maharaja Jai Singh.