Table of Content
- 1 Deeg Palace
- 2 Purana Mahal
- 3 Kumbhalgarh Fort
- 4 Chittaurgarh Fort, Distt. Chittaurgarh
- 5 Fateh Prakash Palace
- 6 Kalika Mata Temple
- 7 Samadhisvara Temple
- 8 Kumbhaswamin Temple
- 9 Sat Bis Deori
- 10 Kirttistambha
- 11 Jain Kirti Stambha
- 12 Gaumukha Kund
Deeg placed inside Bharatpur district, Rajasthan has historically associated because the eighteenth-century sturdy hold of the Jat rulers. Badan Singh (1722 -56 AD) following presuming the throne consolidated the headship of the tribe plus therefore became the online founder of the Jat home at Bharatpur. The credit of commencing the urbanization of Deeg moreover goes to him. It was he that chosen this place because the headquarters of his newly established Jat kingdom.
The sturdy citadel with towering walls plus bastions was erected somewhat later inside 1730 AD by Surajmal, the worthy son of Badansingh. Regarding the same period according to certain writers the big charming tank called Rup Sagar was built by Rup Singh, the brother of Badan Singh.
The gorgeous garden retreat adorning this city is the many great of the creative accomplishments of Surajmal plus serves for this day a glorious memorial to the celebrated hero of the Jat tribe. After the death of Surajmal, his son Jawahar Singh (1764 68 AD) completed certain palaces including the Suraj Bhawan plus gave finishing touch to the gardens plus fountains.
The architecture of Deeg is mostly represented by the mansions called the Bhawans popularly well-known as Gopal Bhawan, Suraj Bhawan, Kishan Bhawan, Nand Bhawan, Keshav Bhawan, Hardev Bhawan. The striking highlights of these palaces are balanced outlines, fine proportions, commodious halls, appealing plus logically disposed arcades, alluring greenery, charming tanks plus canals with fountains. The design of Deeg gardens is based about formality of the Mughal Char bagh or 4 fold garden patterns plus flanked by 2 reservoirs called namely Rup Sagar plus Gopal Sagar.
The architecture is generally of trabeate purchase, however the utilization of arcuate program has furthermore been produced inside certain cases. Mostly the arcades are of the decorative standard because every arch is created by joining spandrel shaped slab cantivelers projecting within the pillars. The general highlights of this design are engrailed arches resting about ornate pillars, hypostylar halls flat rooftop terraces, balconies plus pavilions with Bengal roofs, double eaves, moderate structural heights plus spacious internal preparations.
The following are the key monuments inside the Deeg Palace:
This really is the principal entrance to the palace complex. It is an unfinished structure having a central projection about north. Architecturally, it appears to be a function of reasonably later period. The gate is called following 2 lions sculptured inside front of the archway.
This really is the biggest plus many admirable of all of the buildings. Its reflection into surrounding sheet of water imparts a distinctive charm to ambiance. The Bhawan has a central hall flanked by wings of 2 low storeyed annexes about either side.
On its water front, 2 oblong basement storeys were designed because summer hotels. The central projection is carved with majestic arches plus imposing pillars. A area inside the northern wing contains a black marble throne platform believed to be spoils of war brought by Jawahar Singh within the imperial palaces of Delhi.
The Gopal Bhawan is flanked by 2 little pavilions well-known as Sawan plus Bhadon Bhawans to its north plus south respectively. Every pavilion is a 2 storeyed structure of that just the upper 1 is noticeable from front plus has a fascinating palanquin-shaped rooftop crowned with a row of elegant spikes.
This really is the many extensive plus splendid building inside marble inside the palace complex. It was built by Surajmal. This really is a single storey flat roofed building. The Bhawan consists of the verandah around with five arched openings plus room flanking at the corners. The Bhawan was initially built of buff sandstone to that white marble was encased subsequently. The dados of the central apartment are bordered with good pietra dura function.
The Kishan Bhawan is located towards the southern fringe of the complex. This building has well-decorated plus extensive panelled fade broken by five big central archways along with a big fountain feeding tank about its terrace. The spandrels of center plus front arches are decorated with intricately carved arabesques. Interiorly, the back wall has an alcoved balcony with carved fade plus fake curved rooftop representing a foliaged hut.
The Hardev Bhawan is located behind Suraj Bhawan, having a big garden inside front laid out inside charbagh pattern. The mansion subsequently underwent certain additions plus changes throughout the time of Surajmal. The building found on the south is double storeyed. The ground floor consists of the projecting central hall, confronted with arches springing from a row of double pillars. Behind is an arcaded colonnade running along 3 sides. The back piece is crowned with a chhatri bearing a spiked curved roof. A narrow gallery screened with obliquely-cut jails runs at the back of the upper floor.
Commonly well-known as baradari, Keshav Bhawan is a square single storeyed open pavilion located along Rup-Sagar. Centrally, it is diversified by an arched running about all sides plus forming an interior square. The bhawan initially included a sophisticated device to reproduce the effects of monsoon. There were stone balls inside the ceiling that can be agitated by piped running water to create the sound of thunder as well as the water was introduced from spouts above the arches to fall because rainfall inside sheets about the open hall. A wide canal is running round the edge of the pavilion.
The Nand Bhawan is located towards the north of the central garden. It is a spacious oblong hall raised about a terrace plus enclosed by grand arcade of 7 openings. The ceiling of the central part of the hall is made from lumber. Like additional buildings it’s additionally having a tank inside front plus perfectly completed exterior.
Built by Badan Singh, Purana Mahal is planned because a spacious rectangle with an inside consisting of 2 separate courts. It continues the custom of the typical palace. It has impressive outdoor. The arches are both of engrailed plus pointed kinds. The regal abodes are planned over the periphery of the central garden plus flanked by 2 reservoirs i.e. the Rup Sagar found on the east as well as the Gopal Sagar found on the west.
Kumbhalgarh is located inside the Kelwada tehsil of district Rajsamand. It is at a distance of regarding 80 km northwest of Udaipur amidst the Aravalli slopes. Due to its strategic place, it is very considered because the 2nd most crucial fort of Rajasthan. Its construction is attributed to Rana Kumbha between AD 1443 plus 1458 beneath the guidance of distinguished architect Mandan. The fort was built found on the website of a elder castle that is ascribed to Samprati, a Jaina prince of the next century BC.
Rana Fateh Singh (1885-1930 AD), among the largest builders of the time designed Badal Mahal inside the fort. The significant buildings in the fort are Badal Mahal, Kumbha Palace, Brahmanical plus Jain Temples, water reservoirs, baoris, chhattris etc.
The following are the short account of significant monuments inside the fort:
The fort is entered within the south from the gate well-known as Aret Pol, followed by gateways well-known as Halla Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ram Pol plus Vijay Pol. The Hanuman Pol is immense because it enshrines an image of Hanuman that was brought by Rana Kumbha from Mandavpur. The palatial complex at the best is contacted further from 3 gateways viz., the Bhairon Pol, the Nimboo Pol as well as the Paghra Pol. Another gateway is located found on the east that is termed as Danibatta. This gateway links Mewar area with Marwar.
The Ganesh temple was built throughout the time of Maharana Kumbha plus it happens to be found over the road leading to the palaces. According to among the inscriptions of Kirttistambha of Chittaurgarh fort, Rana Kumbha consecrated an image of Ganesha inside this temple.
The Vedi temple was built by Rana Kumbha inside AD 1457 for operating rituals following completion of the fort. The building is double storeyed plus erected about a excellent platform. The temple encounters west. It is octagonal about program with thirty-six pillars supporting the domical ceiling. A triple shrined temple focused on goddesses is found to the east of the temple.
Neelkanth Mahadev Temple
Situated to the east of Vedi shrine, this temple was integrated AD 1458 plus enshrines a Siva linga inside the garbhagriha. It is made about raised platform accessible from west from the flight of procedures. The temple consists of the sanctum plus an open pillared mandapa around. The shrine is sarvtobhadra with entrance from all 4 instructions. A stone inscription found on the left pillar of the western gate mentions regarding its renovations by Rana Sanga.
The temple was built by Nar Singh Pokhad inside Vikrama Samvat 1508 (AD 1451). It houses a 3 feet significant idol of Jaina Tirthankara Parsvanatha.
Bawan Devi Temple
This distinguished Jaina shrine derives its name within the fifty-two (bawan) shrines inside a single substance built about the principal shrine. The bigger shrine amidst the group consists of the sanctum, antarala plus an open mandapa. An image of Jaina Tirthankara is carved found on the lalatabimba of the doorway. The small shrines are without any idols.
Golerao Group of Temples
The Golerao group of temples is found adjacent to Bawan Devi Temple plus consists of 9 shrines enclosed with a circular wall. The shrines are decorated with gorgeous carved sculptures of gods plus goddesses about its outdoor. On the basis of architectural fashion, the group can be ascribed to the period of Rana Kumbha. A sculpture bears an inscription dated V. S. 1516 (AD 1459) plus speaks of 1 Govinda.
This temple is sometimes known because Kumbha Shyam, plus it consists of the flat roofed sanctum along with a pillared mandapa. An inscription of Rana Kumbha providing detailed history of Kumbhalgarh was fixed about this temple. A big amount of carved idols of gods plus goddesses were recovered within the premises of the temple.
Pitalia Dev Temple
This east facing Jain shrine is placed inside the northern element of the fort. Built by Pitalia Jain Seth inside V. S. 1512 (AD 1455) about a raised plinth, the temple consists of the pillared sabhamandapa along with a sanctum having entrances from all of the 4 instructions. The jangha is decorated with pictures of gods plus goddesses besides asparas plus dancers.
The palace of Rana Kumbha is placed close to the Pagda Pol. The palace is a 2 storeyed edifice. It consists of 2 room, a corridor inside the center plus open spaces. The room is offered with jharokas plus windows inside stones.
Birth Place of Maharana Pratap
The mansion well-known as Jhalia ka Malia or the Palace of Queen Jhali is located close Pagda Pol. This really is believed to become the area where Maharana Pratap was born. It is designed of rubble stone with plain walls plus flat roof. The traces of painting may nevertheless be watched found on the wall.
Badal Mahal is located at the greatest point of the fort. It was built by Rana Fateh Singh (AD 1885-1930). The palace is a 2 storeyed structure split into 2 interconnected distinct portions i.e. the Zanana Mahal as well as the Mardana Mahal. This palace is profusely decorated with wall paintings. The Zanana mahal is offered with stone jalis that facilitated the queens to find the courtroom proceedings plus alternative occasions inside confidentiality.
Chittaurgarh Fort, Distt. Chittaurgarh
Chittaurgarh Fort the historic Chitrakuta Durga occupies a spot of delight inside the history of Rajput chivalry plus stayed a significant seat of force from 7th to 16th century AD. Covering an location of about 700 acres, the fort stands about a 152 m excellent hill plus is mentioned to be built by Chitrangad of the Mori dynasty inside 7th century AD. It has been a experience to the tip of many dynasties these as:
- Mori or Mauryas (7-8th century AD)
- Pratiharas (9-10th century AD)
- Parmaras (10-11th century AD)
- Solankis (12th century AD)
- Guhilots or Sisodias.
During its lengthy history the fort suffered 3 sacks, the initially inside AD 1303 by Alauddin Khiliji, the next inside AD 1535 by Bahadur Shah of Gujarat as well as the 3rd by the Mughal Emperor Akbar inside AD 1567-68 plus every time the Jauhar was conducted. Its eventful history plus wealthy monumental history is characterised by its sturdy fortifications, gateways, bastions, palaces, temples, towers plus reservoirs that are fine samples of Rajput architecture. The following are the short account of significant monuments inside the fort:
The fort has 7 gateways, the initial is recognised as Padal Pol followed by Bhairav Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ganesh Pol, Jorla Pol, Lakshman Pol plus finally Ram Pol that was integrated AD 1459. The gateway placed found on the eastern side of the fort is termed as Suraj Pol.
The palace derives its name following Maharana Kumbha (AD 1433-68) whom undertook extensive repairs to the aged edifices. The entrance to the palace is by 2 gateways well-known as Badi Pol plus Tripolia Gate leading further to Suraj Gokhra, Zanana Mahal, Kanwarpada-ka-Mahal inside the open courtyard. The palaces of Pannadhai plus Meerabai are located inside the southern element of the palace complex.
Named following Rani Padmini, the gorgeous queen of Rana Ratan Singh, the palace stands at the northern periphery of the Padmini pond. It is mentioned it was from here Alauddin Khilji took a glimpse of famous beauty of Rani Padmini from the mirror plus subsequently attacked the fort. A 3 storeyed pavilion well-known as Jal Mahal stands inside the center of the pond.
Ratan Singh Palace
Located over the Ratneshwar pond, this palace is attributed to Rana Ratan Singh II (AD 1528-31). It is rectangular about program plus comprises a courtyard encircled by room along with a pavilion with balcony found on the eastern element of the next storey.
Fateh Prakash Palace
This splendid double storeyed palace was built by Maharaja Fateh Singh (AD 1884-1930). It is an edifice with a tower about every of its 4 corners crowned by domed chhattries. This palace is a grand specimen of contemporary Indian architecture at present houses a museum. Other havelis of comparatively lower importance include those of Alha Kabra, Fatta plus Jaimal, Khatan-ka-Mahal plus Purohitji-ki-haveli.
Kalika Mata Temple
Built by Raja Manbhanga inside the 8th century AD, the temple was initially focused on Surya, that is obvious within the image of Surya carved inside the centre of doorjamb of the sanctum. It has undergone renovations from time to time. It consists of the garbhagriha, antarala, a closed mandapa along with a porch. Currently, Kalika Mata or goddess Kali is worshipped because main deity inside the temple.
Dedicated to Lord Siva, the temple was built by Bhoja Parmara inside early 11th century AD. Later about Mokal restored it inside AD 1428. The temple consists of garbhagriha, an antarala along with a gudha-mandapa with mukhmandapa (entrance porch) about all of the 3 encounters, i.e., northern, western plus southern sides. A colossal image of 3 confronted Shiva is enshrined inside the sanctum.
Originally focused on Varaha (boar incarnation of Vishnu) the temple was integrated 8th century AD plus mostly restored by Maharana Kumbha (AD 1433-68). It is made about a raised plinth plus consists of the garbhagriha, an antarala, a mandapa, an ardhamandapa plus an open pradakshinapath. An image of Varaha is shown inside the main niche found on the back of the shrine. In front of the temple is an image of Garuda beneath a canopy. On the north, there is a tiny shrine well-known as Meera Mandir.
Sat Bis Deori
Locally termed as Sat Bis Deori, this ground of twenty 7 Jaina Shrines located inside a substance was integrated AD 1448. The key shrine consists of garbhagriha, antarala, mandapa, sabhamandapa plus mukhamandapa. To the east of the complex, there are 2 shrines facing east.
This splendid tower nearby termed as Vijaya Stambha was built by Maharana Kumbha inside AD 1448. Dedicated to Lord Vishnu, the tower is 37.19 m significant plus is split into 9 storeys. An inscription inside the uppermost storey providing detailed chronological account of lifetime plus achievements of rulers of Chittaur was taken up by Rana Kumbha courtroom scholar Atri plus was later completed by his son Mahesh.
One may reach as much as the best storey by internally organized flight of procedures. The names of architect of the tower, Sutradhar Jaita together with his 3 sons Napa, Puja plus Poma are equally inscribed inside the fifth storey.
Jain Kirti Stambha
This six storied tower having a height of 24.50 m is focused on Adinatha, the initial Jaina Tirthankara. It was built by Shresthi Jija inside AD 1300. The tower is made about raised platform plus has internally organized program of flight of procedures. In the lower storey, pictures of standing Adinatha are depicted about all 4 cardinal instructions while upper storeys contain hundreds of miniature pictures of Jain divinities.
Situated to the south of Samadhisvara temple plus adjacent to western rampart, the Gaumukha Kund is a big, deep, rock-cut tank with an irregular oblong form. A perennial underground stream of crystal obvious water flows into it from a tiny all-natural cave from the Gaumukha (Cow head shaped out let) therefore this name.